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Grow Light Breakdown: Heat, Cost & Yields

just perfect, recieved very quick and in working order.....thanks igrowbio and Henry

—— Eric Peterson

Perfect LED for clones, starters and houseplants.

—— Thomas J. Cross

Very happy with this purchase!

—— Eli Garcia

Overall great value and quality. Low power/amperage draw.

—— Bob E

The detail to design was energy efficient.

—— Terrell marrow

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Grow Light Breakdown: Heat, Cost & Yields
Latest company news about Grow Light Breakdown: Heat, Cost & Yields

by Nebula Haze

For the many growers who are unable to cultivate cannabis outside in the free abundant sunshine, grow lights are necessary to successfully grow cannabis indoors. Grow lights take the place of the sun, and power the growth of your plants and their buds. Light is like “food” for your plants, so without a lot of bright light, even a healthy cannabis plant won’t produce much bud at all.

More Light = Bigger Yields!
(up to a point, it is possible to give your plant too much light!)

Marijuana plants growing under the sun - in order to replace the sun indoors, growers need to get cannabis grow lights

 

3 Main Classes of Marijuana Grow Lights

There are lots of options for grow lights that work well for growing cannabis indoors but in the end they boil down to 3 major types:

1.) Fluorescent Grow Lights

2.) High Intensity Discharge (HID) Grow Lights

3.) LED Grow Lights

  • (LEDs come in a huge variety of sizes and form factors. There aren’t really any “standard” types yet, though some lamps get better results than others.)

 


 

Incandescent light bulbs are not suitable for growing cannabis!

Note: Some growers may have heard of “Induction” grow lights, which are pretty rare these days but still pop up from time to time. There are two types: “Magnetic Induction” grow lights do okay for growing cannabis but they’re pretty much glorified fluorescent lights. “Plasma Induction” grow lights actually perform pretty poorly at growing cannabis.

Some types of induction lights are well suited to stadium lighting but honestly they just aren’t that great for growing cannabis and they come with huge price tags. Even a lot of LEDs are cheaper and you’ll get better results with them. You can learn more about induction grow lights here.

Note 2: Incandescent light bulbs (old fashioned light bulbs) are NOT suitable for growing marijuana!

 

Compare the Pros and Cons of Each Grow Light

1.) Fluorescent Grow Lights

Fluorescent grow lights come in many different shapes and sizes, from twisty bulbs to long tubes. Fluorescents are popular because they make efficient and pleasant lighting for humans, and also work great for herb gardens and other types of low-key indoor gardening without using a lot of electricity.

Read full tutorial on CFL grow lights

Read full tutorial on T5 grow lights

CFLs (compact fluorescent bulbs) can be successfully used to grow cannabisCFL Grow Lights

CFL grow lights are the twisty-looking bulbs you can find anywhere you normally buy light bulbs. They produce a great spectrum for growing cannabis and can be used in tiny spaces where no other grow light would fit such as the inside of a cabinet.

Keeping CFLs close results in the best yields and growth

Keep CFL grow lights as close to your marijuana buds as possible in the flowering stage, but don't accidentally burn them!

Learn more about CFLs

T5 Fluorescent Grow Light System for growing cannabisT5 Grow Lights

T5 grow lights are one of the most easily available types of grow lights and are used to grow many different types of plants. As a result, they’re available in many garden and home improvement stores.

T5s are much bigger/wider than CFLs and usually come as part of a panel, but they can still be kept mere inches away from your plants without worrying about burning them.

These cannabis plants are thriving under T5 grow lights

Example of a T5 grow light (fluorescent light fixture) - T5s can be kept very close to cannabis plants without worrying about burning them.

Learn more about T5 grow lights

Pros of Fluorescents

  • Cheap to buy
  • They don’t use a lot of electricity or make a lot of heat unless you have a lot of them packed together in a small space
  • Great light spectrum for growing cannabis
  • Since lights can safely be kept just a few inches away from plants, they’re a good choice for short spaces
  • One of the best lights for clones, seedlings and young plants. Big lights must be kept far away from young plants to avoid burning them, which ends up wasting a lot of light and energy. By using smaller lights like fluorescents while plants are still short, you can save quite a bit of money on electricity during those first few weeks compared to using a high-powered grow light.

Cannabis plants under a T5 grow light – when plants are trained (like these ones in a Scrog setup) you can get pretty decent yields from fluorescents.

These cannabis plants were grown under a T5 grow light

Read more about CFLs vs T5s

Cons of Fluorescents

  • Fluorescent grow lights get smaller yields per watt than the other types of grow lights if you use them in the flowering stage while buds are forming. With fluorescents you can expect about 0.25 grams of buds for every watt of electricity (using the true watts out the wall, not any type of “equivalent” watts), while LEDs and HPS get 2-4 times as much yield per watt of electricity.
  • The light from a fluorescent lamp doesn’t penetrate far down into the plant so they are best suited to plants that have been trained to grow short and flat; they aren’t powerful enough to support tall plants in the flowering stage.

Example of CFL grow setup which yields up to half ounce per month

CFLs

Fluorescents are a great choice for clones, young plants, supplemental lighting and can save you money on electricity in the vegetative stage compared to using high power lights when plants are too young to use it all anyway. They can also be used to flower plants in spaces that are shorter than what’s possible with other grow lights (aka ‘stealth growing’).

That being said, when it comes to the flowering/budding stage, if you can fit a bigger light you will get significantly better yields/watt by using an HID or LED grow light!

Learn more about T5 grow lights

Learn more about CFLs

You might be interested… More on CFLs vs T5s

 

2.) High Intensity Discharge (HID) Grow Lights

HID grow lights are much more efficient than fluorescent lights and are powered by large, oddly-shaped bulbs. They are usually screwed into a reflector or hood to reflect more light down onto the plants. HIDs are great at growing cannabis, but they also get very hot and are usually hooked up to an exhaust to help vent out heat.

Metal Halide Grow Lights (MH) give off a wonderful light spectrum for marijuana's vegetative stage High Pressure Sodium Grow Lights (HPS) are the golden standard for growing marijuanaGet an LEC grow light for growing cannabis on Amazon.com

Full tutorial on MH & HPS grow lights
(most common grow light combination for cannabis)

Full tutorial on CMH / LEC grow lights
(LEC stands for “Light Emitting Ceramic” and is a type of Metal Halide bulb that is built with ceramic like an HPS – basically it’s sort of like a blend between MH and HPS bulbs)

Example of an HPS setup with an exhaust in a grow room. In order to keep HPS lights cool, it's usually necessary to use some sort of cooling system to vent out extra heat.

Metal Halide (MH) Grow Lights

Metal Halide grow lights are generally used for the vegetative stage because they produce a bluish light that vegetative plants love, though this type of light can also be used all the way to harvest.

The light from a Metal Halide appears a little bluish, and is well suited to growing cannabis plants in the vegetative stage

Pub Time : 2015-08-05 18:14:28 >> News list
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